Franz Kafka was a German writer who was heavily influenced by Prague and who spent his short life living all over the city. He is perhaps most famous for his short story ""Metamorphosis,"" a tale of isolation in which Gregor, the main character, wakes up one day to find that he has been turned into a loathsome insect. Kafka is also famous for ""The Castle"" and ""The Trial,"" both novels of oppression and the struggle against bureaucracy, issues he most certainly dealt with on a daily basis while living in Prague.
Not published in his own lifetime and dirt poor, today his mark is everywhere, from plaques commemorating the places he lived to the myriad hats, T-shirts and tourist paraphernalia that bearing his sad image.
Kafka was born on July 3 in the house at U Radnice 5, now the modest Kafka museum, and lived as a boy in U Minuty, which is the house to the left of the Astrological Clock in Old Town Square that is covered with black and white sgraffito. Near Old Town Square is another building in which Kafka lived for a time at Tynska 3. He also frequented a German-language literary salon in At the Golden Unicorn, the house which is located directly to the left of Zelezna Street if you are standing in Old Town Square.
Kafka spent a lot of time studying in the German language school located in the Golz-Kinsky Palace in Old Town Square, and his father later had a haberdashery shop there as well.
Kafka lived for a time in a dingy apartment in the Schornbornsky Palace at Trziste 15 (now the American Embassy) and with his sister in No. 22 on the Golden Lane (Zlata Ulicka) at the castle. His sister was later taken to the Terezin concentration camp and finally to Auschwitz in 1943.
Kafka died on June 3, 1924. He is buried in Prague at the Olsany Jewish Cemetary in Prague 3. His final resting place is grave number 137.