Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, covers an area of approximately 500 sq kilometres, and has a population of over 1 million. It's geographical position places it at about the centre of Europe, which puts it within good access of a number of other major European cities.
Prague comprises five old towns, sitting astride the river Vltava, a tributary of the Elbe (Labe in Czech).
On a hill on the west bank, is Hradčany, the castle district. Below, is Mala Strana the 13th century 'Lesser Quarter', and close by, Petrin Hill offers fine panoramic views over the city. On the other bank of the river, connected by Prague's many bridges, including the famous Charles Bridge, is Staré Město, or 'Old Town', where Old Town Square offers many attractions. Adjacent, the 14th century Nové Město, or 'New Town' includes the (in)famous Wenceslas Square.
For the tourist, most of Prague's main attractions lie within these areas, many of which are easily accessible on foot. A city map will be a good investment during your stay. Look for one that has tram and Metro routes, as these are a very convenient way of getting around quickly, with comprehensive tickets that will allow you to travel on one, or more, days of your choice. Look in 'Sights', for all the exciting and beautiful things to see while you are in this amazing city.